MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 321, 2020The 14th World Conference on Titanium (Ti 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Intermetallics and MMCs|
|Published online||12 October 2020|
Laser based manufacturing of titanium aluminides
1 Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT, Steinbachstraße 15, 52074 Aachen
2 Access e.V., Intzestraße 5, 52072 Aachen
3 Otto von Guericke Universität Magdeburg, Universitätsplatz 2, 39106 Magdeburg
Lightweight titanium aluminides (TiAl, ρ = 3.9 – 4.1 g/cm3) gain in importance as high temperature structural material. The known properties like high strength and creep resistance combined with high corrosion and wear are of continuous interest for turbomachinery applications like low pressure turbine blades. Additive manufacturing (AM) provides the possibility for near-net-shape production of functional complex parts and can contribute to reduce consumption and costs of material, tooling and finishing. The typical high brittleness and oxygen affinity of TiAl cause special requirements for processing this material with AM. In this work, recent progress in Additive Manufacturing of the TiAl alloys of the nominal compositions Ti-43.5Al-4Nb-1Mo-0.1B (at.-percent, TNM™-B1), Ti-48Al-2Cr-2Nb (at.-percent, GE4822) and Ti-45Al-2Nb-2Mn-0.8B (at.-percent, 4522XDTM) is presented. Microstructures resulting from both Laser Powder Bed Fusion (LPBF) and Direct Laser Deposition (DED) are compared with respect to the characteristics of the manufacturing processes. Hardness measurements according to Vickers are performed, and pressure strength tests are performed on selected samples. The crack-free additive manufacturing of complex geometries made of TiAl is demonstrated as well as an approach for manufacturing hybrid parts combining DED and LPBF.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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