MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 321, 2020The 14th World Conference on Titanium (Ti 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Microstructure - Properties Relationships|
|Published online||12 October 2020|
Recognition and Quantification of Dual Phase Titanium Alloy Microstructures Using Convolutional Neural Networks
1 Pratt & Whitney Engines Division, United Technologies Corporation, East Hartford, CT 06108, USA
2 Olusegun Oshin, Michael Giering
3 United Technologies Research Center, United Technologies Corporation, East Hartford, CT 06108, USA
Recent advances in machine learning and image recognition tools/methods are being used to address fundamental challenges in materials engineering, such as the automated extraction of statistical information from dual phase titanium alloy microstructure images to support rapid engineering decision making. Initially, this work was performed by extracting dense layer outputs from a pretrained convolutional neural network (CNN), running the high dimensional image vectors through a principal component analysis, and fitting a logistic regression model for image classification. Kfold cross validation results reported a mean validation accuracy of 83% over 19 different material pedigrees. Furthermore, it was shown that fine-tuning the pre-trained network was able to improve image classification accuracy by nearly 10% over the baseline. These image classification models were then used to determine and justify statistically equivalent representative volume elements (SERVE). Lastly, a convolutional neural network was trained and validated to make quantitative predictions from a synthetic and real, two-phase image datasets. This paper explores the application of convolutional neural networks for microstructure analysis in the context of aerospace engineering and material quality.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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