MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 199, 2018International Conference on Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting (ICCRRR 2018)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Repair Materials and Systems|
|Published online||31 October 2018|
Non-destructive testing of concrete treated with penetrating surface sealant using a Karsten-tube
School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
* Corresponding author: Sunday.firstname.lastname@example.org
Surface treatment is increasingly becoming acceptable as a means of ensuring concrete durability by way of controlling or preventing the ingress of various deleterious agents of concrete deterioration. In practice, a combination of non-destructive and semi-destructive evaluation of the concrete surface is often necessary to decide on the need for treatment or re-treatment of previously treated surfaces. The owners of structures and restorers appreciate simple and non-destructive methods in making any interventions on surfaces that have been treated previously. Existing knowledge would suggest that correct interpretation of these test results would depend on an understanding of the effect of factors such as the initial moisture content, quality of the concrete and exposure conditions. This paper presents the result of a study to assess the applicability of the “Karsten-tube” in measuring the water uptake of treated and un-treated concrete surfaces and the effects of the concrete quality, and environmental conditions upon the test results. The results are compared with complementary tests for oxygen permeability and porosity of the concrete specimens studied. Three concrete mixes and five different exposure conditions were investigated. Some specimens were soaked in 3% Sodium Chloride solution to study the effects of aggressive agents. The results indicates that Karsten-tube is a quick non-destructive method for obtaining useful information about the condition of treated and un-treated concrete surfaces and could be used for rapid and reliable assessment of the need for re-treatment of previously treated surfaces. Well-treated surfaces will have low water uptake values, irrespective of the quality of the concrete.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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