MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 322, 2020MATBUD’2020 – Scientific-Technical Conference: E-mobility, Sustainable Materials and Technologies
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||E-mobility, Sustainable Materials and Technologies|
|Published online||14 October 2020|
A comparative study on the effect of different activating solutions and formulations on the early stage geopolymerization process
1 Federal Center for Technological Education CEFET/RJ, 20271-110, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2 University of Nantes, Research Institute of Civil and Mechanic Engineering, 44600, Saint Nazaire, France
3 GeM Institute, UMR 6183 CNRS, CESI, Saint-Nazaire, France
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Concrete is a major construction material that produces high levels of carbon dioxide in its manufacturing process. Hence the construction sector is responsible for relevant environmental impacts. This justifies the need to find materials as green and ecological alternatives to common Portland cement. Geopolymers represent the most promising alternative due to its proven durability, mechanical and thermal properties. This study investigates the effects of solid-to-liquid and alkali activator ratios on the synthesis of slag-based pure geopolymer and their relation to the geopolymerization process. Two activating solutions were used: a) a mixture of sodium hydroxide, sodium silicate, and water; and b) a mixture of potassium hydroxide solution, potassium silicate, and water. As precursor material, ground blast furnace slag was used. Precursors and activators were mixed with solid-to-liquid ratios in range of 1.5 to 2.2. In the first stage of the study, the mechanical properties were evaluated for each activating solution. In the following stage, different formulations, with variations in the water percentage and solid-to-liquid ratio were tested for mechanical properties and SEM observations. Test results indicate that the resulting geopolymer has the potential for high compressive strength and is directly affected by the composition of the activating solution. It can also be observed that compressive strength was affected by solid-to-liquid ratio and % of water added to the mixture, and strength increased with ageing day.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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