MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 190, 20185th International Conference on New Forming Technology (ICNFT 2018)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Dry metal forming, Special session SPP 1676|
|Published online||18 September 2018|
Influence of surface integrity on the plastic flow in analogous testing of 42CrMo4
Laboratory for Machine Tools and Production Engineering (WZL), RWTH Aachen University
2 Surface Engineering Institute (IOT), RWTH Aachen University
Corresponding author : firstname.lastname@example.org
Surface modification of workpieces for cold forming processes is common in industrial practice. Specific surface topographies manufactured by means of shot peening form lubricant pockets, which provide a continuous lubricating film throughout the process. Furthermore, hydrostatic as well as hydrodynamic lubrication effects emerge, which further reduce the friction during the process and protect the tool from wear effects. These effects are well researched and applied in order to enable cold forming processes. In dry forming processes, no lubricants are used, and the positive lubrication effects do not appear. Surface modifications by shot peening or knurling change surface integrity in terms of hardness, residual stresses and geometry. The effects of the changed surface integrity on the forming process are not researched. In tribometer tests, a hard and rough surface texture lead to a lower frictional shear stress, whereas a rather smooth and hard surface texture leads to a lower punch force in an extrusion process. The mechanisms between surface textures and the smoothing and forming process are unknown. Furthermore, findings of the tribometer tests cannot be fully transferred to the extrusion process. As in tribometer tests a pin is used as tool and in extrusion a whole die, a discrepancy between the most suitable surface texture for a friction reduction results out of different flow conditions. Still, the tribometer tests give a first reference on a surface pretreament. The paper deals with an investigation of surface textures in order to distinguish characteristics of surface textures respectively a friction reduction. By means of indentation tests of the quenched and tempered steel 42CrMo4 the plastic flow in dependency of different surface integrities are researched. The results show which characteristics help to lower the punch force the most, so for further investigations an optimized surface modification is set up in order to enable a dry metal forming process.
Key words: Cold forming / Tribology / Surface integrity
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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