MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 178, 201822nd International Conference on Innovative Manufacturing Engineering and Energy - IManE&E 2018
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Energy (Smart Grids, Energy Efficiency in Buildings, Energy systems and energy management, Energy policies, Environmental technologies and studies, Renewable energy technologies and energy saving materials)|
|Published online||24 July 2018|
Improper management of dams constructed with local materials, infiltration risk and wasted electric energy
Department of Hydraulics, Hydraulic machinery and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Energy, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Splaiul Independentei 313, Sector 6, Bucharest, Romania
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The present paper presents a study case of improper dike rehabilitation and inefficient management of the water volume from two hydropower lakes, with dams built with local materials. In Romania, with its high hydrographic potential, this solution was adopted for construction of more than 600 hydropower plants, many of them now confronted with infiltration and erosion, and appeared into lateral sides of the dikes. The paper covers some theoretical and practical aspects referring to the functioning of hydropower lakes, establishing the cross-sections with problems in exploitation. Reduced water level produces less electric energy than initially estimated. The dam's construction was not correlated with the geomorphologic conditions and climatic parameters, being necessary supplementary measurements and data acquisition to calibrate the numerical model. There are mentioned some considerations referring at the mathematical model, based on new hypotheses of infiltration through sediments with different dimensions and characteristics. The flow through dikes is assumed non-permanent due to massive infiltration. Part of the numerical modeling, the obtained velocities of infiltration, and the streamlines are illustrated. The results of the tested solution prove its efficiency and allow illustrating and some other sections with possible risk in functioning. Some discussions, conclusions, and references are finally presented.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.