MATEC Web of Conferences
Volume 159, 2018The 2nd International Joint Conference on Advanced Engineering and Technology (IJCAET 2017) and International Symposium on Advanced Mechanical and Power Engineering (ISAMPE 2017)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||30 March 2018|
Comparison of ratio loaded and unloaded foot area of flat foot and healthy foot in younger adults
Center for Biomechanics, Central Laboratory of Research and Services, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
2 Center for Biomaterials, Central Laboratory of Research and Services, Diponegoro University, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This study is aimed to investigate loaded and unloaded foot area ratio (RFA, ratio of foot area) as special tests for the basis of clinical examination of flat foot and healthy foot. Type of foot is determined by Cavanagh’s arch indexes (AI) which is the ratio between mid foot area to entire footprint area excluding the toes. Type of foot is called high arch when AI<0.21, normal/healthy foot when 0.26>AI≥0.21 and flat foot when AI>0.26. The entire loaded foot and footprint area for evaluating AI derived from a digital footprint is modified from document scanner, while the entire unloaded foot area derived from a 3D scanner. One hundred and two healthy students (87 males and 15 females, average aged 20 years and average BMI 22.51 kg/m2) is asked voluntarily for doing footprint and scan. From 102 subjects found 63 participants identified as flat foot and 31 subjects are healthy feet. This study proves that the higher the value of AI the higher the value of RFA and foot type can be predicted by the value of RFA. For type of foot is high arch RFA<0.49, for healthy foot 0.55>RFA≥0.49 and for flat foot RFA>0.55.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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