MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 366, 20228th International BAPT Conference “Power Transmissions 2022”
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Section||Design, Analysis, Simulation and Optimization|
|Published online||06 October 2022|
Development of a free-form tooth flank optimization method to improve pitting resistance of spur gears
Laboratory of Machine Design, National Technical University of Athens, 9 Iroon Polytechniou, 15780 Zografou, Greece
2 Laboratory of Machine Elements and Vehicles, University of West Attica, 250 Thivon & P. Ralli, 122 44 Egaleo, Greece
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Although steel involute gears are the standard solution for gear transmissions, they tend to suffer from poor pitting resistance. Pitting typically occurs when the gear tooth flanks have high equivalent curvature at the contact point and/or when the equivalent curvature is not constant across the contact path leading to high contact pressures and the development of surface fatigue. In this paper a new optimization method is presented to produce spur gear tooth flanks with improved pitting performance compared to involute ones. The tooth flanks are represented as B-spline curves, the control points of which are the variables for the optimization problem. The constraints were designed to ensure that all the examined profiles satisfy the law of gearing and do not contain any cusps or C1 discontinuities. Deterministic and stochastic algorithms were implemented and both closed and open path of contact gear sets were examined to determine the optimum tooth profile. The optimization results show that the maximum equivalent curvature of the optimum profiles is reduced by 83% compared to the corresponding standard profiles, while the deviation from the mean value is reduced by 98%. Both the standard and the optimized gears where examined comparatively also through finite element analysis. For the case selected the maximum contact pressure developed on the optimized gear set was 77% of the respective maximum contact pressure on the standard gear set whereas the corresponding deviation from the mean value was 5%. At the same time, the bending stresses developed in the optimized gear are slightly lower than those in the standard one.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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