MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 349, 20216th International Conference of Engineering Against Failure (ICEAF-VI 2021)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Composite Materials: Characterization, Mechanical Behavior and Modeling, Multifunctionality, Advanced Manufacturing Techniques|
|Published online||15 November 2021|
Investigation on the interfacial properties of CNTs sized carbon fibres in epoxy resin using push-out method via nano-indentation technique
1 School of Metallurgy and Materials, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, UK
2 CANOE, Le Centre Technologique Nouvelle Aquitaine Composites & Matériaux Avancés, Bât CHEMINNOV – ENSCBP, 33600 Pessac, France
3 Research Lab of Advanced, Composites, Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology (R-NanoLab), School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, GR15780, Athens, Greece
4 Institute of Science and Innovation in Mechanical and Industrial Engineering (INEGI), Materials and Composite Structures unit, Porto, Portugal
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
In this work, the carbon fibres (CFs) surfaces were modified via sizing and coated with a very thin layer of a complex formulation including carbon nanotubes (CNTs). A push-out method was developed based on nanoindentation to assess the interfacial shear strength of the fibre/matrix. The mechanical properties such as indentation hardness, reduced modulus, indentation displacement and indentation creep of the composite were evaluated by means of the Oliver-Pharr method. The critical load of different composites was measured and the interfacial shear strength (IFSS) was calculated to compare the effect of the CNTs concentration in the sizing solution. Wettability evaluation of the sized fibres was performed prior to nanoindentation to investigate the adhesion of the resin. After push-out testing, characterisation by optical microscopy/SEM was carried out to ratify the results. It was found sizing with a small amount of evenly distributed nano-inclusion on CFs can increase the interfacial shear strength but large amount of sizing could lead to a decrease of the interfacial bonding due to the agglomeration of CNTs on CFs.
Key words: push-out / CNT / carbon fibre reinforced composite / nano-indentation / wettability
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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