MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 304, 20199th EASN International Conference on “Innovation in Aviation & Space”
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Aerostructures & Manufacturing|
|Published online||17 December 2019|
Novel CNTs grafting on carbon fibres through CVD: investigation of epoxy matrix/fibre interface via nanoindentation
Research Lab of Advanced, Composite, Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology (R-NanoLab), School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens,
9 Heroon Polytechniou str., Zographos,
Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymers (CFRPs) have spread to a broad range of sectors including automobile, aeronautics and space industry the last decades. Recently, the emergence of new requirements for improved smart properties and functionalities have been main drivers to the introduction of novel methodologies and optimization of processes. A new approach of functionalizing CFs is the in-situ grafting of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) onto the surface of fibres, through chemical vapour deposition (CVD). In this study, CFRPs were manufactured via Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Molding (VARTM) and characterized by microscopy techniques through their cross-section. The effect of CNTs in-situ grafting onto the CFs on the mechanical behavior of the composite was studied both in micro- and macro-scale level, through instrumented indentation technique and tensile testing. The mechanical behaviour of the composite with the CNTs in-situ grafted onto the CFs was compared with CNTs-modified composites, containing CNTs in the epoxy matrix. Comparing the nanomechanical properties with conventional mechanical testing, the enhancement of mechanical behaviour was revealed for the case of the CNTs-modified composite. Additionally, an increased interfacial adhesion between the CNTs-functionalised CFs and the polymer matrix was observed, indicating that CNTs contribute to an enhanced bonding between matrix and CFs.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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