MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 343, 202110th International Conference on Manufacturing Science and Education – MSE 2021
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics and Robotics|
|Published online||04 August 2021|
Mechanical behavior of beams with variable stiffness obtained by 3D printing
Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Department of Mechanical Engineering, B-dul Muncii 103-105, Cluj-Napoca, Romania
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Additive manufacturing or 3D printing gained a widespread popularity in recent years due to the ability of the method to manufacture components with high geometrical complexity. The most cost-effective process to manufacture plastic parts using 3D printing is the fused deposition modeling (FDM) method. Process parameters as the infill rates but also the printed pattern of different layers and their orientation have a significant influence on the mechanical properties of specimens fabricated by FDM. Controlling the process parameters is possible to generate materials with variable mechanical proprieties. The paper presents the analysis of a beam with constant cross-section but variable stiffness. Variable stiffness is achieved by changes in different cross-sections of the beam of the infill rates of the printing process. The mechanical behavior consisting of force-displacements curves is analyzed by three-point bending tests of variable stiffness samples and comparison with similar beams having constant infill rate. The results consist of E-modulus variation, maximum force and deflection curve. Analytical calculations and finite element analyses are employed to predict the mechanical behavior of the specimens printed with variable infill rate. The obtained results proved the concept of equal stress-beam with constant cross-section obtained by 3D printing process parameters variation.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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