MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 342, 20219th edition of the International Multidisciplinary Symposium “UNIVERSITARIA SIMPRO 2021”: Quality and Innovation in Education, Research and Industry – the Success Triangle for a Sustainable Economic, Social and Environmental Development”
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Sustainable Environmental Engineering and Protection|
|Published online||20 July 2021|
Study of propagation of harmful factors of fire in short road tunnels with different inclinations
University of Petrşani, Petroşani, Universităţii Street 20, Romania
2 G. Tsulukidze Mining Institute, Tbilisi, Mindeli Street 7, Georgia
3 Georgian Technical University, Tbilisi, Kostava Street, 77, Georgia
The paper considers the spread of combustion products caused by fires with different heat release rates: 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 50 MW in up to 400 m long tunnels. The slope of the tunnels on numerical models is - 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, 9%. The cross-sectional area of the tunnel is 42.5m2. The paper describes the dynamic variability of damaging factors caused by the “chimney effect” such as carbon monoxide and temperature. Modeling was done with FDS software by using the finite volume method. The time of process modeling is 180 s. The minimum cell size of the finite volume is 0.25x 0.25 x 0.25m. The hearth of fire is in the central part of the tunnel. The obtained results are given in the plane of the central longitudinal section of the tunnel. The boundary condition is given as an increment of the dynamic pressure caused by the height difference between the portals in normal conditions. The dependence of fire-induced backlayering distance on the fire heat release rate and the increment of the dynamic pressure caused by tunnel inclination are studied. The theoretical results and those obtained by modeling of the backlayering distance and velocity are analyzed and compared. The locations of high-risk factors for each damaging factor along the tunnel are identified. Their quasi-stationary nature is described and the intervals of transient processes typical to each factor are determined in the course of modeling. It is advisable to use the obtained results to respond to emergencies caused by fire in relevant tunnels.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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