MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 337, 2021PanAm-Unsat 2021: 3rd Pan-American Conference on Unsaturated Soils
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Slopes, Embankments, Roads, and Foundations|
|Published online||26 April 2021|
Ground heave movement evaluation in shallow foundations for expansive soils in Tunja, Colombia
1 Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, Civil Engineering School, Colombia
2 Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India.
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
A current challenge in unsaturated soil mechanics is the need to estimate ground heave and associated shallow foundation movements in expansive soils due to water content changes. Such estimation should be simple for geotechnical engineering practitioners and provide reliable foundation designs through quantifying the risk associated with the ground heave. The difficulties in generalizing a method are related to several variables influencing the expansive behavior, including the initial and final stress state condition, soil mineralogical composition, ground wetting depth, soil wetting degree, and geotechnical profile comprising soil strata thickness and groundwater condition. In this research, the evaluation of heave movements for the expansive soils located in the north-east of Tunja (Colombia) is performed through surrogate path (SPM), water content, and consolidation theory-based methods. Initial and final suction profiles were defined to quantify the wetting strains developed at each scenario of partial wetting. The sensitivity of the SPM to the estimated or measured value of constant volume swelling pressure was corroborated. The higher deformations that the soil profile would be able to develop when subjected to a progressive wetting were obtained along with the remaining heave capacity of the soil profile. Finally, concluding remarks and recommendations associated with the practicality and applicability of the methods are presented.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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