MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 337, 2021PanAm-Unsat 2021: 3rd Pan-American Conference on Unsaturated Soils
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Slopes, Embankments, Roads, and Foundations|
|Published online||26 April 2021|
Matric suction effect on distribution of stresses caused by vehicle wheels on a bare silty sand
1 Department of Civil Engineering, Ghent University, 9052 Zwijnaarde, Technologiepark 905, Ghent, Belgium.
2 Faculty of Civil Engineering, San Francisco Xavier University, 573 Destacamento317 Street, Sucre, Bolivia.
3 Department of Environment, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium, 653 Coupure links, B-9000 Gent, Ghent, Belgium.
4 Faculty of Civil Engineering, San Francisco Xavier University, 573 Destacamento317 street, Sucre, Bolivia.
5 Laboratory of Geotechnics, Ghent University, 9052 Zwijnaarde, Technologiepark 905, Ghent, Belgium.
6 Department of Civil Engineering, Ghent University, 9052 Zwijnaarde, Technologiepark 905, Ghent, Belgium.
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
-Soil compaction in cropping systems, caused by the external pressure of machinery, creates impermeable layers that restrict water and nutrient cycles reducing agricultural production. To evaluate the matric suction effects on distribution with depth of stresses in a soil, caused by the use of agricultural machinery, Jet Fill tensiometers were installed at two different depths (i.e. 0.15 m, 0.30 m) in a soil profile constituted by silty sand with gravel (SM); to register the increments on subsoil vertical stresses, two miniaturized load cells (i.e. 16. 5 mm in diameter) were installed in a horizontal position under the centre line of the vehicle wheels’ path, at approximately 0.15 m and 0.30 m depth. Care was taken to calibrate the load cells in field conditions. A vehicle was made to pass over the soil surface, at a speed less than 5 km/h; the tyre inflation pressure applied on wheel was 380 kPa. Response of load cells to vehicle loading was evaluated at different average matric suction measured on soil profile. Finally, measured stresses have been compared with values obtained by applying well-known elastic theoretical methods used to assess stresses applied by tyres on bare soils. The corresponding results show that the increment of vertical stresses decreases as matric suction increases, and a good correlation between measurements and simulations of the increment on subsoil vertical stress.
Key words: Key words: / Soil compaction / Matric suction / Vertical stress / Wheel compression / Load cells
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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