MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 321, 2020The 14th World Conference on Titanium (Ti 2019)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Microstructure - Properties Relationships|
|Published online||12 October 2020|
Structure and Properties of Layered Ti-6Al-4V-Based Materials Fabricated Using Blended Elemental Powder Metallurgy
1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
2 G.V. Kurdyumov Institute for Metal Physics, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, 36, Vernadsky Blvd., 03142, Kiev, Ukraine
Due to the high specific strength of Ti, materials on its base are indispensable when high-strength and low-weight requests are a chief demand from the industry. Reinforcement of Ti-alloys with hard and light particles of TiC and TiB is a credible pathway to make metal matrix composites (MMC) with enhanced elastic moduli without compromising the material’s low-weight. However, reinforcement of the alloy with hard particles inevitably lowers the value of toughness and plasticity of material. Yet, in many applications simultaneous high hardness and high plasticity are not required through the entire structure. For instance, parts that need enhanced wear resistance or resistance upon ballistic impact demand high hardness and strength at the surface, whereas their core necessitates rather high toughness and ductility. Such combination of mechanical properties can be achieved on layered structures joining two and more layers of different materials with different chemical composition and/or microstructure within each individual layer.
Multi-layered structures of Ti-6Al-4V alloy and its metal-matrix composites (MMC) with 5 and10% (vol.) of TiC and TiB were fabricated in this study using blended elemental powder metallurgy (BEPM) of hydrogenated Ti. Post-sintering hot deformation and annealing were sometimes also employed to improve the microstructure and properties. Structure of materials were characterized using light optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, electron backscattered diffraction, x-ray microscopy, tensile and 3-point flexural tests. The effect of various fabrication parameters was investigated to achieve desirable microstructure and properties of layered materials. Using optimized processing parameters, relatively large multilayered plates were made via BEPM and demonstrate superior anti-ballistic performance compared to the equally sized uniform Ti-6Al-4V plates fabricated by traditional ingot and wrought technology.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.