MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 321, 2020The 14th World Conference on Titanium (Ti 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Microstructure - Properties Relationships|
|Published online||12 October 2020|
Surface engineering of titanium by multi-interstitial diffusion using plasma processing
1 Institut Pprime, UPR3346, CNRS Université de Poitiers ISAE-ENSMA, Département Physique et Mécanique des Matériaux, SP2MI TSA 41123,
2 Technical University of Denmark, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Produktionstorvet b.425, DK 2800 Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
Titanium and its alloys possess a range of highly interesting properties such as excellent corrosion resistance, high specific strength and biocompatibility, but suffers from poor wear resistance. The present work addresses plasma assisted surface treatment of CP 2 titanium using various combinations of oxygen and nitrogen, i.e. mixed interstitials. The sequence of controlled plasma nitriding and oxidizing treatments plays a significant role for the evolution of the hardness depth profiles and the development of the surface compound layer and the underlying diffusion/transition zone. Composition profiles of oxygen and nitrogen are obtained by GDOES; Mixed interstitial solubility of nitrogen and oxygen is found in both h.c.p. α titanium and in the compound layer. The combination of interstitials leads to larger case depth, in particular for the diffusion zone (expanded h.c.p. α titanium). Therefore, it highlights the advantages of combined nitriding and oxidizing compared to single nitriding treatments on the mechanical properties.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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