MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 321, 2020The 14th World Conference on Titanium (Ti 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||12 October 2020|
Correlation between susceptibility to environment-assisted cracking of super-elastic TiNi alloy and the states and their amount of hydrogen in it
a Department of Chemistry and Materials Engineering, Kansai University, Suita
b Present: Nachi-Fujikoshi Corp., Namerikawa, Japan
Susceptibility to environment-assisted cracking (EAC) of super-elastic TiNi alloy has been correlated with the states and their amount of hydrogen in the material. The TiNi alloy specimen was immersed in sulfate solutions at a given pH, and a giving cathodic potential was applied to it for 13 ks to absorb hydrogen into it. The specimen was subjected to X-ray diffraction (XRD) test to detect hydride, and to thermal gas desorption spectroscopy (TDS) test to determine the state and its amount of hydrogen in it. In the case that a potential of -0.5 VAg/AgCl was applied to the specimen in the solution of pH 3, the XRD detected no hydride on it. Whereas, application of -1.5 VAg/AgCl was induced formation of hydride. The TDS indicated that the specimen treated at -0.5 VAg/AgCl involved hydrogen desorbing around 810 K, and the one at -1.5 VAg/AgCl involved hydrogen desorbing around 500 as well as 810 K. Therefore, it was suggested that the hydrogen desorbing at lower and higher temperatures obtained by the TDS were of hydride state and solid-solution state, respectively. The specimens treated under various conditions were analyzed by the same way as mentioned before, and an amount of the hydrogen in each state as well as a cathodic charge density applied to the specimen were obtained to be correlated. A logarithm of the amount of the hydrogen in the each state increased almost linearly with an increase in a logarithm of a charge density. Susceptibility to the EAC of the material suddenly increased around a charge density of 0.025 MC·m-2, and the charge density was considered to induce the amounts of hydrogens in hydride and solid-solution state of 10 and 100 mass ppm, respectively.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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