MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 321, 2020The 14th World Conference on Titanium (Ti 2019)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||12 October 2020|
Advances and Breakthroughs in Titanium forgings for critical structural parts
1 R&D Director ERAMET High Performance Alloys Division (Aubert & Duval, Les Ancizes - France)
2 Metallurgical Department (Aubert & Duval, Pamiers - France)
3 EcoTitanium, (Saint-Georges de Mons - France)
Assuming the high level of properties and reliability of titanium forgings, strong drivers of research and development for forgings are the pressure on cost, the buy to fly ratio reduction and the life cycle. This presentation discusses the potential of optimizations to address these challenges. The first way to concretely answer the question of the cost and of the life cycle is the recycling of manufacturing scrap and end-of-life products, using the concept of circular economy and implementing a short loop from end user to melters. This is a considerable opportunity to mitigate the risks related to the supply of primary material and to the erratic fluctuations of raw material prices.
The second step to optimize both the added value and the material consumption consists in adapting accurately the melting and ingot conversion processes to the actual needs of the application and the subsequent transformation processes.
Considering the close die forging step, the use of the concept of Design for forging has also a great potential to optimize the cost and the functions of the forgings. Near Net Shape Forging of titanium, using high temperature close die forging is a great opportunity to make a breakthrough in terms of buy to fly ratio. In addition to all these improvements, the use of high-power hydraulic presses is a key element to take full advantage of them and to manufacture large critical parts with more functions.
All together these levers could provide drastic cost reductions, and a considerable reduction in the environmental impact, keeping the advantages of titanium forgings in terms of metallurgical integrity, residual stresses and properties. The implementation of these improvements will require continuous efforts of development from the whole titanium supply chain, and collaboration between integrated titanium forgings suppliers and the OEMs.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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