MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 300, 2019ICMFF12 - 12th International Conference on Multiaxial Fatigue and Fracture
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||02 December 2019|
Computational and experimental study of crack initiation in statistical volume elements
School of Aerospace, Transport, and Manufacturing, Cranfield University, Bedfordshire, MK43 0AL, UK
b G.W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, 30332-0405, USA
c EMPA, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Laboratory for Mechanics of Materials and Microstructures, 3602 Thun, Switzerland
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Fatigue crack formation and early growth is significantly influenced by microstructural attributes such as grain size and morphology. Although the crystallographic orientation is a primary indicator for fatigue cracking, the neighbourhood conformed by the first and second neighbour grains strongly affect the fatigue cracking driving force. Hence, two identical grains may result in different fatigue responses due to their interactions with their microstructural ensemble, which determines the fatigue variability. Naturally, macroscopic samples with millions of grains and thousands of competing microstructural neighbourhoods can effectively resemble a representative volume element in which fatigue failure may seem deterministic. However, when considering systems in which fatigue failure is controlled by hundreds or less of grains, fatigue failure is stochastic in nature and the samples are not a representative but a statistical volume. This work studies fatigue crack nucleation in micron-scale Ni beams that contain a few hundred grains. This work presents 3D crystal plasticity finite element models to compute stochastic distribution of fatigue indicator parameters that serve as proxies for crack nucleation in statistical volume elements. The integration of experiments with models provides a method to understand the irreversible deformation at the grain level that leads to fatigue cracking. Our results explain the role of grain morphology of crack nucleation distribution
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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