MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 299, 2019Modern Technologies in Manufacturing (MTeM 2019)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Processes of Plastics and Composite Materials; Environmental Engineering|
|Published online||02 December 2019|
Using Carbon-fibre Reinforcement with a 5-axis Material Extrusion System
Loughborough Design School, Loughborough University,
2 Institute of Art and Design, De Montfort University, LE1 9BH, UK
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
One of the main limitations of material extrusion (ME) components is their anisotropic mechanical behaviour, mainly due to the poor bonding between layers. 5-axis ME has the capability to orientate theprint layers in line with loading conditions, in order to limit the effect of poor inter-laminar bonding. Previous work has demonstrated how aligning deposited material in the same direction as the dominant stresses can improve a part’s mechanical performance. When fibre-reinforcement is added to theseoriented layers, the stiffness and strength of parts should increase further. This paper presents a comparison between 5-axis parts that were printed in pure poly-lactic acid (PLA) and in carbon-fibrereinforced (CFR) PLA. Sets of dome-shaped components were built using several different build strategies and tested for compressive stiffness and strength. The results were rather mixed but did show a marked improvement in compressive strength under certain conditions. Further work is required to understand one of the failure mechanisms that was seen and to overcome some of the limitations of the 5-axis machine currently being used. The work was undertaken to support the Directional Composites through Innovative Manufacturing (DiCoMI) project, funded by the European Commission.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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