MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 295, 2019Smart Underground Space and Infrastructures – Lille 2019
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Smart Geo-Environment Geotechnics|
|Published online||18 October 2019|
Investigation of rock bolting for tunnels based on an efficient CATIA-ABAQUS model
1 State Key Laboratory of Geomechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China
2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3 Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Research Center, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250061, China
4 BIM Research Center, Sichuan Highway Planning, Survey, Design and Research Institute Ltd, Chengdu, Sichuan 610000, China
* Corresponding author : firstname.lastname@example.org.
As a widely used reinforcement method in tunnel engineering, the accuracy of models in numerical analysis has a vital influence on the reliability of the analysis results. To solve the problem of hard modeling for complicated models, this paper proposes to build models of different characteristics automatically by the means of Enterprise Knowledge Language (EKL) of CATIA, combining knowledge engineering template with parameterization. Furthermore, the stability of surrounding rocks and the distribution features of plastic areas were studied in different cases by CATIA-ABAQUS model. Besides, the effects and contributions of several parameters, including the rock-bolt diameter and interval between rock-bolts have been studied. It was found that: (1) Rock-bolt has a notable effect on the stability of the surrounding rocks. Increasing the diameter of rock-bolts contributes to significantly reduce the plastic area and the vertical displacement. With the increase of the quantity and the diameter of anchors, the degree of influence gradually weakens, showing the logarithmic relationship; (2) When the quantity and diameter of rock-bolts are constant, in the case in which the intervals between rock-bolts are various, the plastic area of surrounding rocks and the axial stress of rock-bolts are larger than that of the same distance, while the vertical displacement are uniform. (3) The excavation process has a great influence on the axial stress of rock-bolts and the redistribution of stresses in the surrounding rock.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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