MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 289, 2019Concrete Solutions 2019 – 7th International Conference on Concrete Repair
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||28 August 2019|
Instant performance verification after electrochemical chloride extraction by enhanced corrosion testing
CITec Concrete Improvement Technologies GmbH, 01156 Dresden, Germany
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Electrochemical chloride extraction (ECE) is meant to re-establish the corrosion protection of concrete for the embedded reinforcement by removing chloride non-destructively and by enhancing the alkalinity of the rebar surrounding concrete. Both effects depend on various parameters, such as concrete cover, rebar spacing, chloride profile (especially if chloride ingress is deeper than the outside rebar layer) and concrete permeability. Often these parameters require long or multi-stage treatments, which basically can achieve any desired target level of chloride profile and impressed charge, but become a costly solution after a while. The acceptance criteria mentioned in CEN TS 14038-2 clause 8.6 refer to the achieved chloride content and to the amount of impressed charge, which are the conventional, easy measurable, but not direct parameters for evaluating the corrosion activity. A third parameter – the re-measurement of potentials for assessing (intended) low potential gradients and more positive average potentials – requires some weeks to months of depolarization and evaporation of water, before such a measurement can be applied successfully. A promising approach for an instant performance testing after an ECE treatment has been made on several occasions with follow-up measurements of electrolyte resistance, polarization resistance and corrosion current. Convincing changes towards significantly lower corrosion activity could be obtained (and compared to known classified values) – regardless of sometimes high residual chloride and very wet concrete. These data could be verified when re-assessed after some weeks, so enhanced corrosion measurements seem to be a useful tool for either establishing that the designed treatment time has been sufficient or to check on possible earlier termination of the treatment during a running ECE.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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