MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 280, 2019The 5th International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment (ICSBE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Livable Rural and Urban Environment|
|Published online||08 May 2019|
Influence of Top Clearance Height in Airlift Reactor on the Aerobic Granular Formation
1 Posgraduate School, ITB, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung
2 Magister Program Environmental Engineering, ITB, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung
3 Department of Environmental Engineering, ITB, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Conventional active sludge is the technology that is usedcommonly in wastewater treatment. However, this technology has thedisadvantage, its relatively low settling speed causing a large landrequirement. One technology that can be used to overcome this deficiencyis aerobic granular. In this study aerobic granular is formed in acontinuous flow system of airlift reactor with a 12 (twelve) hourshydraulic retention time. Aeration is carried out for 24 hours at a rate of 2liters per minute (lpm). The height variation of top clearance (ht) is usedto determine its effect on the aerobic granular formation. The ht variationused is 15 cm, 20 cm, and 30 cm. The height of top clearance at the airliftreactor affects the circulation and superficial gas velocity which thenaffect the hydrodynamic shear force. The larger the hydrodynamic shearforce, the better the granular quality will be. The granular quality isdetermined based on physical characteristics including Sludge VolumeIndex (SVI), sludge density index (SDI), settling velocity, size, and aspectratio. The result shows that the height of top clearance affects the granularquality that formed. However, the effect is not linear. The non-linearity ofthe relationship between the top clearance height and granular formationcan be due to the sizeable superficial gas velocity and biomass washout. The ht variation that provides the best granular quality is achieved at 15cm, followed by 30 cm, and finally 20 cm. The ht variation of 15 cmreaches an optimum result with the value of SVI is 50 ml/g, settlingvelocity 39,4 m/hour, SDI 2.02 g/ml, size 3.5 mm, the aspect ratio of 0.86, and organic removal efficiency reaches 87.2%.
Key words: wastewater / aerobic granular / airlift reactor / top clearance
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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