MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 280, 2019The 5th International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment (ICSBE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Livable Rural and Urban Environment|
|Published online||08 May 2019|
Interlayer-free Glucose Carbonised Template Silica Membranes for Brine Water Desalination
1 Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarbaru 70714, Indonesia
2 Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarbaru, 70714, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Interlayer-free glucose carbonized template silica membranesbased on tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and glucose were successfullyprepared using an acid-base catalysed sol-gel method for artificial brinewater desalination (7.5% wt NaCl solution %) at temperatures range from25, 40 and 60 °C. These membranes calcined at 250 and 400 °C. Themembranes were fabricated through sol-gel process by using TEOS(tetraethyl orthosilicate); ethanol; nitric acid; ammonia; aquadest andglucose as a template. By molar ratio is 1: 38: 0.0007: 0.0003: 5 and0.25%; 0.5%, 1% w/v glucose as template. The results show the highestwater fluxes of 1.8, 2.2 and 4.8 kg m−2 h−1 for 25, 40 and 60 °Cdesalination process with excellent salt rejections of 99.5, 99.5 and 99.7%, respectively. It was found that the higher the NaCl solution temperature asfeed solution as well as glucose concentration (0.25% to 1% wt) astemplate attached in the silica matrixes, the higher water fluxes eventhough the salt rejection remain the same. This study demonstrates that theorganosilica membranes offered the carbonized silica mesostructuremembranes with excellent separation of water from the hydrated salt ions, particularly for processing brine salt solutions.
Key words: interlayer-free / glucose / silica-carbon membrane / desalination
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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