MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 269, 2019IIW 2018 - International Conference on Advanced Welding and Smart Fabrication Technologies
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Advanced Welding Processes|
|Published online||22 February 2019|
The Effect of Ultrasonic Energy on Joint Characterization in Ultrasonic Spot Welding Multilayer Tabs Used in Lithium-ion Battery Manufacturing
Shanghai Key Laboratory of Digital Manufacture for Thin-Walled Structures, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, P.R. China
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Lithium-ion battery for electric vehicles contains a large number of battery tabs with multiple and thin sheets. Dissimilar metals are often used for different electrodes, for example, the copper and nickel are often used for negative electrode and the aluminum is often used for positive electrode. Meanwhile the thickness of metal sheets are various at different locations. Ultrasonic spot welding is very capable of welding similar and dissimilar combinations. However, there are less heat generation and plastic deformation in the bottom interfaces where ultrasonic energy is difficult to reach. This will result in the unbonded region occurrence caused by ultrasonic energy attenuation.
In this work, experimental investigation was conducted to identify the effect of ultrasonic energy on joint characterization in ultrasonic welding multiple tabs by comparing the plastic deformation in different layers and various joint interfaces. Two sonotrodes with different knurl size were used to produce the welding energy for the tabs joining. Samples were cross-sectioned along vibration direction to obtain hardness profiles and metallographic maps. The hardness profile can be used to identify the changes of grain morphology. Hardness and grain size changes in different layers were also studied to reflect how ultrasonic energy decrease from top to bottom in battery tabs. Thereby, the relationship between material attributes and ultrasonic energy loss was established based on the experimental results.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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