MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 268, 2019The 25th Regional Symposium on Chemical Engineering (RSCE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Process for Energy and Environment|
|Published online||20 February 2019|
Formation of surface protective coatings on arsenopyrite using Al-catecholate complex and its mode of inhibition of arsenopyrite oxidation
Division of Sustainable Resources Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita 13, Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-8628, Japan
2 Division of Sustainable Resources Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita 13, Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-8628, Japan
3 Hokkaido Research Organization Industrial Research Institute, Kita 19, Nishi 11, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-0819, Japan
4 Course of Sustainable Resources Engineering, School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita 13, Nishi 8, Kita-ku, Sapporo, 060-8628, Japan
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Arsenopyrite is the most common arsenic-bearing sulfide mineral in nature. It is readily oxidized and releases toxic arsenic (As) into the environment when exposed to atmospheric conditions via anthropogenic activities like mining, mineral processing, extractive metallurgy, and underground space developments. Carrier-microencapsulation (CME) is a technique that uses metal(loid)-organic complexes to selectively form protective coatings on the surfaces of sulfide minerals. In this study, CME using Al-catecholate complexes (i.e., Al-based CME) was investigated to suppress the oxidation of arsenopyrite. Aluminum(III) and catechol form three complex species depending on the pH and among them, [Al(cat)]+ was the most effective in suppressing arsenopyrite oxidation. Its suppressive effect was improved as [Al(cat)]+ concentration increased due most likely to the formation of a more extensive surface protective coating at higher concentrations. Surface characterization of leaching residues using SEM-EDX and XPS indicates that CME-treated arsenopyrite was covered with bayerite (γ-Al(OH)3). The results of electrochemical studies showed that the surface protective coatings suppressed both anodic and cathodic half-cell reactions of arsenopyrite oxidation.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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