MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 232, 20182018 2nd International Conference on Electronic Information Technology and Computer Engineering (EITCE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Circuit Simulation, Electric Modules and Displacement Sensor|
|Published online||19 November 2018|
Load-balanced routing algorithm based on cluster heads optimization for wireless sensor networks
Lanzhou Jiaotong University, The School of Electronics & Information Engineering, Lanzhou 730070, China
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In order to solve the problem of unbalanced load consumption of nodes for wireless sensor networks (WSNs), this paper proposes a load-balanced routing algorithm based on cluster heads optimization for wireless sensor network. The proposed algorithm first applies first-order wireless transmission model to calculate the optimal number of clusters, then calculate nodes competitiveness rating by fuzzy algorithm considering the residual energy of node and distance from the node to base station, cluster head selection uses unequal clustering algorithm according to the competitiveness of nodes. By node competitiveness and energy management mechanism which cooperate with each other to select the best cluster heads. Use connected optimization between clusters to search multi-hop paths base station for reducing energy consumption of node, and consider transmission energy consumption, residual energy, transmission distance and other factors. The experimental results show that the proposed algorithm compared with LEACH and UCDP algorithm, can balance loading and effectively extend the life cycle of wireless sensor network.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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