MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 230, 20187th International Scientific Conference “Reliability and Durability of Railway Transport Engineering Structures and Buildings” (Transbud-2018)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Construction Materials, Protection and Repair of Structures and Buildings|
|Published online||16 November 2018|
Acid-basic surface properties of clay disperse fillers
Kharkiv National University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Sumska str., 40, 61002, Kharkiv, Ukraine
2 National University of Civil Protection of Ukraine, Chernyshevska str., 94, 61023, Kharkiv, Ukraine
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The mineral composition, surface morphology, dispersion and specific surface of dispersed clay fillers of various chemical nature have been experimentally determined. As materials for research used clay mineral disperse fillers of various chemical and mineral composition: bentonite clay, kaolinite clay and diabase flour. Using the thermogravimetric (TG) analysis and the differential thermal analysis (DTA), the structure of the hydroxyl-hydrated surface layer of the filler surface has been studied. The amount and acidity of the surface active centers of clay fillers have been investigated using pK-metric and pH-metric methods. It was established that the mineral composition is the determining factor in the acid-base surface properties of clay fillers. The thickness of the hydroxyl-hydrated surface layer affects the acidity of the surface, at certain large sizes. It has been shown that clay fillers, which include montmorillonite as the dominant minerals, are characterized by higher acidity than the fillers that consist of kaolinite. In the mixed clay fillers, the acid-base properties of the surface depend on the chemical nature of the impurities and related minerals.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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