MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 230, 20187th International Scientific Conference “Reliability and Durability of Railway Transport Engineering Structures and Buildings” (Transbud-2018)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Structures, Buildings and Facilities|
|Published online||16 November 2018|
Method of the calculated estimation of the possibility of progressive destruction of buildings in result of fire
Cherkasy State Technological University (CSTU), 18006, Cherkasy, Shevchenko blvd. 460, Ukraine
2 Cherkasy Institute of Fire Safety named after Chornobyl Heroes of National University of Civil Defense of Ukraine, 18034 Cherkassy, Onoprienko Str., 8, Ukraine
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
When analyzing the fire safety of building structures, in addition to considering their fire resistance, the limits of flame expansion and other fire-safety engineering features, there should be considered also the probability of their progressive collapse in case of a damage caused to some their elements. In case of progressive collapse of the building structures, socio-economic losses become the worst possible. The article proposes a method of calculation for the estimation of the possibility of progressive destruction. The method is based on the assumption that one or several compressed elements are damaged and must be removed from the system, which ensures the rigidity and geometric immutability. The basic point of the method is the hypothesis of formation of the line of plastic hinge joints in the ceiling plate. The estimation of the possibility of progressive destruction is made according to the energy criterion on the basis of a comparison of the work of internal and external forces on the possible movements of the system, which, under these conditions, is geometrically variable. The proposed method is productive and economical comparing to the existing methods which involve complex mathematical models and software complexes.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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