MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 224, 2018International Conference on Modern Trends in Manufacturing Technologies and Equipment (ICMTMTE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||General problems of mechanical engineering: design, optimization, maintenance|
|Published online||30 October 2018|
Ultrasonic flaw detection capabilities at first stage of technological process of ship engine overhaul
Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems, RAS, 85 Belinskogo street, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia
2 Sudoremont Scientific Training Center FSBEI of Higher Education Volga State University of Water Transport, 5 Nesterova street, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The technological process of ship engine overhaul begins with dismantling, while the obligatory operation is flaw detection of parts. The flaw detection at this stage involves certain difficulties due to the fact that the entire repair process takes place directly onboard the ship. It is possible to simplify the task of assessing the technical condition of a particular part, if one can assess the performance of this part before dismantling, saving both material assets and time. However, in vessel design, the equipment developers do not pay due attention to ensuring its controllability. The article describes capabilities of ultrasonic flaw detection that can be realized in ship conditions during the first stage of the ship engine overhaul technological process. The ultrasonic technique for estimation of a crank-shaft metal damage through scavenging ports of the ship engine is discussed; as well as an option to address the issue of repair or replacement of tap bolts according to their actual technical condition.The described capabilities are due to the uniqueness of ultrasonic flaw detection: the internal space of almost all structural materials can be “observed” by waves of a mechanical nature. Elastic waves, probing the metal, react to all the processes occurring in it, they perform the functions of a universal sensor that delivers information about the controlled environment. They allow to recognize an early stage of defect accumulation – micro damage formation, which is quite natural, since the parameters of elastic waves depend on the density, moduli of elasticity, size and geometry of structural inhomogeneities and other characteristics of the test medium.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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