MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 200, 2018International Workshop on Transportation and Supply Chain Engineering (IWTSCE’18)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||14 September 2018|
ABM-GIS simulation for urban freight distribution of perishable food
Modeling and scientific computing laboratory, Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Morocco
2 Université Internationale de Rabat, FIL, TIC lab, Morocco
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Freight transport is essential to modern urban civilization. No urban area could exist without a powerful freight transport system. However, the distribution of perishable foods in urban areas is seen as a source of problems, due to traffic congestion, time pressures, and environmental impact. In this paper, an Agent-Based Model integrated with Geographic Information Systems (ABM-GIS) is designed for a time-dependent vehicle routing problem with time windows. This simulation model consists of determining the quickest routes to transport fresh products, estimating Vehicle kilometer traveled VKT and vehicle hour traveled VHT where speeds and travel times depend on the time of the day. Based on a case study, analyses of changes on traffic condition were conducted to get an insight into the impact of these changes on cost, service quality represented by the respect of time windows, and carbon emissions. The results reveal that traffic jams and restrictive time windows lead to additional cost, cause delays, and increase co2 emission. As for a short-term planning, time-dependent scheduling algorithm was proposed and assessed while extending time windows. Results have proved the potential saving in cost, travel time, and carbon emission.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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