MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 190, 20185th International Conference on New Forming Technology (ICNFT 2018)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||18 September 2018|
Analysis of deformation characteristics and microstructure variation of thick plate during asymmetric shear rolling
College of Mechanic and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 210016 Nanjing, China
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Aluminium alloy thick plate is widely used in field of aerospace and automobile industry for its light weight, high strength, good corrosion resistance and formability. Hot rolling is the key process of preparation for thick plates, however, the conventional symmetrical rolling process causes large deformation on the surface and small deformation in the central portion of the thick plate, resulting in inhomogeneous deformation, microstructure and property distributions through the thickness direction of the plate. Asynchronous rolling is beneficial for deformation permeation into the central part of thick plate with introduction of strong shear strain due to velocity asymmetry of two work rolls. However, the plate will bend towards the slower roll due to deformation asymmetry at upper and lower surface of the plate and serious bending is bad for multi-pass rolling process. Asymmetrical shear rolling with velocity asymmetry and geometry asymmetry is adopted in this study. Compared to asynchronous rolling, there is a horizontal offset distance of upper roll in outlet direction. A moment will be applied to the plate in the opposite direction of bending towards the slower roll by an offset distance of the slower roll. The comparisons of distributions of equivalent strain, temperature, DRX fraction and average grain size between symmetrical rolling and asymmetrical shear rolling are studied. The effects of velocity asymmetry and offset distance on microstructure variation and microstructure distribution at different positions of the plate are studied. Due to larger velocity of lower work roll, larger equivalent strain and higher temperature appear at lower layer of the plate, which results in higher DRX fraction and finer grain size. The speed ratio contributes greatly to sufficient DRX process and finer grain size; while the ascending offset distance decreases the DRX fraction. Therefore, speed ratio plays significant role in deformation permeation and grain refinement in asymmetrical shear rolling and the offset distance is mainly used to decrease the bending behaviour of the plate. This study can provide guidance to thick plate preparation with good properties in asymmetrical rolling process.
Key words: Rolling / Deformation / Microstructure
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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