MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 190, 20185th International Conference on New Forming Technology (ICNFT 2018)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Advanced manufacturing processes|
|Published online||18 September 2018|
Laser edge forming to increase the bending radius in hemming
BIAS - Bremer Institut für angewandte Strahltechnik GmbH, Klagenfurter Str. 5, 28359 Bremen, Germany
2 University of Bremen, Klagenfurter Str. 5, 28359 Bremen, Germany
3 Present address: VEMAG Maschinenbau GmbH Verden, Weserstraße 32 Verden (Aller), 27283, Germany
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Hemming can be used, for example, to join dissimilar materials which cannot be welded by conventional laser or arc based processes. A critical value in hemming is the ratio of outer sheet bending radius and outer sheet thickness because cracks can occur in outer sheets with low ductility due to a small bending radius. In this study, a novel approach is introduced for increasing the bending radius by laser based edge forming. The laser beam melts the edge of the inner sheet prior to the hemming process. In laser edge forming, the edge thickness increases due to the surface tension of the melt. The edge cross-section has typically a nearly circular shape after solidification. Two laser beam irradiation strategies were investigated. In case of the first strategy, a defocused laser beam was applied. The second strategy combined a focused laser beam resulting in the formation of a vapor capillary (keyhole) with sinusoidal beam oscillation transversal to the sheet edge. The results show that the position of the cylindrical edge cross-section according to the sheet plane could be affected by the applied irradiation strategy. The needed laser power was significantly lower when using a focused laser beam due to the deep penetration effect. The potential of the laser edge forming technique for crack-free hemming processes was demonstrated with 1 mm thick aluminum alloy sheets by carrying out stripe tests.
Key words: Joining / Metal Forming / Laser
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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