MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 187, 20182018 4th International Conference on Chemical Materials and Process (ICCMP 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||06 August 2018|
Study of Mathematical Models in Hot Air Drying of Herbs in Herbal Compress Ball
The Sirindhorn International Thai-German Graduate School of Engineering, King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok, Bangkok 10800, Thailand
2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut's University of Technology North Bangkok, Bangkok 10800, Thailand
3 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
4 Microbiology Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Srinakarinwirot University, Bangkok 10110, Thailand
Herbal compress ball is currently one of important products of Thailand for exporting sales worldwide. It is used in Thai traditional medical treatment and spa to reduce muscle pain and relaxation. This research aimed to generate the mathematical models representing the behaviors of herbs in hot air drying to extend shelf life for exporting sales. Here, six types of herbs, including Prai (Zingiber cassumunar Roxb.), Turmeric (Curcuma longa Linn.), Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus), Kaffir lime (Citrus hystrix), Soap Pod leaves (Acacia concinna) and Tamarind Leaves (Tamarindus indica Linn.) were dried in different temperature at 60, 70, and 80 °C. Fours drying models, Page, Henderson and Pabis, and Logarithmic and Fick's second law equation were applied with experimental data of drying herbs to predict the rate of diffusion of water. The results showed that the Page model is the most suitable model due to the highest decision coefficient (R2) but the lowest Root Mean Square Error (RMSE). The effective moisture diffusivity (Deff) of the herbs in herbal compress ball was increased with increased the drying temperature. The size of the herb particle translated inversely with effective moisture diffusivity (Deff) value.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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