MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 192, 2018The 4th International Conference on Engineering, Applied Sciences and Technology (ICEAST 2018) “Exploring Innovative Solutions for Smart Society”
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Track 3: Food, Chemical and Agricultural Engineering|
|Published online||14 August 2018|
Drying characteristics and quality evaluation in convective drying of Cissus quadrangularis Linn.
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand
2 Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This study aimed to investigate the effect of drying temperature (40, 60, 80, and 100°C) on drying characteristics of Cissus quadrangularis Linn. (CQ) undergoing convective drying. Physical properties and phytochemicals of the dried CQ were also evaluated. CQ with the thickness of 5 mm was dried from about 10 to 0.1 g water/g dry matter. The results showed that increasing drying temperature increased drying rate (DR) and effective moisture diffusivity (Deff) and consequently decreased drying time. The drying time, maximum DR, and Deff were in the ranges of 85-1920 min, 0.0059-0.0248 g water/g dry matter·min, and 0.7302-9.1281×10-9 m2/s, respectively. Lower drying temperature could preserve quality of the dried CQ. Decreasing drying temperature resulted in greener and lower bulk density and shrinkage. The greatest total phenolic content (TPC) and quercetin content were obtained by drying the CQ at 60°C.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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