MATEC Web of Conferences
Volume 172, 20183rd International Conference on Design, Analysis, Manufacturing and Simulation (ICDAMS 2018)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||12 June 2018|
Evaluation of critical blockage ratio and pulse length in a pulse detonation engine using CFD and MATLAB
Mechanical Department, IARE, Hyderabad, India
2 Aeronautical Department, MLR Institute of Technology, Hyderabad, India
3 Mechanical Department, Saveetha School of Engineering, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, India
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
A Pulse Detonation Engine (PDE) is a new invented propulsion device that takes advantage of the pressure rise inherent to the efficient burning of fuel-air mixtures via detonations. Detonation initiation is a critical process that occurs in the cycle of a PDE. A practical method of detonation initiation is Deflagration-to-Detonation Transition (DDT), which describes the acceleration of a subsonic deflagration created using low initiation energies to a supersonic detonation. The DDT process is not well understood due to a wide range of time and length scales involving complex chemistry, turbulence and unsteady pressure waves. This paper discuss about the effects of blocking ratio in the augmentation of detonation pressure and velocity inside a cylindrical tube of diameter 0.0254m and a length of 1 m. The blockages are rectangular in shape placed at 2/3rd distances of the length of the tube and the heights of the blockages are varied in terms of the diameter of the tube as 1/4th, 1/3rd, ½, 2/3rd and 3/4th the diameter of the tube. The setup is then analyzed in MATLAB using the physics of Friedlander’s equation, which formulate the decay time duration of pressure across the tube length, with and without the blockage. Further, a 2D CFD analysis through ANSYS Workbench is conducted which gave the effective blocking ratio in a rectangular type of blockage placed at the 2/3rd position of the length of the tube and the results are compared. For variable pressures ranging from 1 MPa to 100 MPa input, the effective pulse length is around 0.25 seconds after which the decay of pressure and temperature attain the critical limit. Also it is found that the maximum feasible velocity occurs for an inlet pressure of 10 MPa and 2/3rd height of the blockage where the corresponding outlet velocity is 4692m/s and outlet total pressure being 10.542 MPa.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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