MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 163, 2018MATBUD’2018 – 8th Scientific-Technical Conference on Material Problems in Civil Engineering
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Durability and Environmental Impact|
|Published online||15 June 2018|
Impact of the air-entrained concrete with the blast-furnace slag cement on the intensity of reinforcement corrosion process
Kielce University of Technology, al. Tysiąclecia Państwa Polskiego 7, 25-314 Kielce, Poland
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The concrete cover has significant impact on the intensity of reinforcement corrosion process in reinforced concrete elements. Depending on the type of corrosion risk different types of cement are recommended for concrete. In conditions of chloride corrosion, due to, for example, the use of de-icing agents in winter, it is recommended to use concrete with cement containing granulated blast-furnace slag. The risk of chloride corrosion due to the use of de-icing agents is often additionally associated with the frost and repeated freezing and thawing actions of structural elements. The liquid freezing in the pores of concrete increases its volume, which causes the increase of internal stresses and leads to cracks in the concrete cover increasing the diffusion of chlorides. In order to reduce this phenomenon the introduction of air-entraining admixture is beneficial. The paper presents the experimental results that allow to determinate the effect of the air-entraining admixture addition on the intensity of reinforcement corrosion in concrete with blast-furnace slag cement. The tests were carried out on two groups of reinforced concrete specimens subjected to freezing and thawing cycles in 3% NaCl solution. One group of specimens was prepared with the airentraining admixture addition and the other without it. The electrochemical tests of the reinforcement corrosion activity, based on the measurements of the corrosion current density were curried. The phase composition by X-ray diffraction and microstructure of concrete under the scanning electron microscope (SEM) coupled with the X-ray microanalyser (EDS) were examined. The results allowed to comprehensively assess the effect of airentrained concrete with blast-furnace slag cement on the degree of reinforcement corrosion risk in concrete caused by the simultaneous action of chlorides and frost.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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