MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 162, 2018The 3rd International Conference on Buildings, Construction and Environmental Engineering, BCEE3-2017
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Environmental Engineering and Sustainable Development|
|Published online||07 May 2018|
Synthesis and photocatalytic activity for TiO2 nanoparticles as air purification
University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In the present work, titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (NP’s) were prepared using sol-gel process from Titanium Tetrachloride (TiCl4) as a precursor with calcinations at two temperatures (500 and 900) °C. The effect of calcinations temperatures on the structural, optical, morphological and Root Mean Square (roughness) properties were investigated by means of Scanning Electron Microscopy, X-ray Diffraction (XRD), and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). Bacterial inactivation was evaluated using TiO2-coated Petri dishes. A thin layer of photocatalytic TiO2 powder was deposited on glass substrate in order to investigate the self-cleaning effect of TiO2 nanoparticles in indoor and outdoor applications. Ultra-hydrophilicity was assessed by measuring the contact angle and it evaluated photolysis properties through the degradation of potassium permanganate (KMnO4) under direct sunlight. XRD analysis indicated that the structure of TiO2 was anatase at 500 °C and rutile at 900 °C calcination temperatures. As the calcination temperature increases, the crystallinity is improved and the crystallite size becomes larger. Coated films of TiO2 made the has permeability, low water contact angle and good optical activity. These are properties essential for the application of the surface of the self-cleaning. The final results illustrate that titanium dioxide can be used in the build materials to produce coated surfaces in order to minimize air pollutants that are placed in microbiologically sensitive circumference like hospitals and the food factory.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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