MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 160, 2018International Conference on Electrical Engineering, Control and Robotics (EECR 2018)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Smart Grid and Application Technology|
|Published online||09 April 2018|
Study on a New Operational Mode of Economic Operation of Islanded Microgrids Using Electric Springs
Department of Electrical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 200240, Shanghai, China
2 Shanghai Electric Power Technical Research Institute of State Grid, 200247, Shanghai, China
With the increasing penetration of intermittent renewable energy sources (RESs) into microgrids, the original operation mode of power generation determined by load demand faces severe challenges due to the uncertainties of the RESs power output. The electric springs(ESs), as an emerging technology has been verified to be effective in enabling load demand to follow power generation and stabilizing fluctuation of RESs output. This paper presents a new mode of economic operation for island microgrids including non-critical loads with embedded electric springs. Its connotation includes that i) the capacity of energy storage can be reduced through the interaction of the energy storage system (ESS) and the electric springs, ii) the electric springs reduce the stress of peak load regulation and operational cost and iii) the demand of microgrids system for ramping ability of generation units is reduced with the buffer of the electric springs. Numerical results show that the coordinated operation between electric springs and energy storage system of microgrids can bring down the investment cost for the ESS and short-term operational cost in the aspect of economic dispatch, reducing requirements for the capacity and ramp ability of the energy storage system in microgrids. Energy buffering can be achieved with lower cost and the load demand can follow power generation in the new operational mode of islanded microgrids using electric springs.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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