MATEC Web of Conferences
Volume 159, 2018The 2nd International Joint Conference on Advanced Engineering and Technology (IJCAET 2017) and International Symposium on Advanced Mechanical and Power Engineering (ISAMPE 2017)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||30 March 2018|
Optimization foam mat drying of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) extract
Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Diponegoro University Jl. Prof. Soedarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang, Indonesia 50275
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
In this study, foaming condition of roselle was optimized using response surface methodology (RSM) and the effect of drying characteristic was investigated. Roselle extract was foamed by addition of 1-5% w/w foaming agents (ovalbumin). The foaming stabilizer, glycerol mono stearate (0-1% w/w) was used to remain mechanic and thermodynamic stability of foam. As the response foam density and drainage volume was determined. The optimum foam variable was then dried at various drying temperatures (50-70°C). The moisture content was observed by gravimetry every 10 minutes for 90 minutes. Result showed that optimum formulation was 3.31% egg albumin and 1% GMS. The constant rate of the foam mat drying (temperature 50°C) was 3 times higher than non foam mat drying. Higher drying temperature can speed up the driving force but lead to color degradation.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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