MATEC Web of Conferences
Volume 159, 2018The 2nd International Joint Conference on Advanced Engineering and Technology (IJCAET 2017) and International Symposium on Advanced Mechanical and Power Engineering (ISAMPE 2017)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||30 March 2018|
The potential biodiesel production from Cerbera odollam oil (Bintaro) in Aceh
Syiah Kuala University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 23111, Darussalam-Banda Aceh, Indonesia
2 Politeknik Negeri Medan, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 20155, Medan, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
3 University of Malaya, Faculty of Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
4 Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Faculty of Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering, 43000, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Biodiesel production from non-edible vegetable oils is an effective way to conquer the linked problems with edible oils such as food versus fuel and other environmental impacts. Cerbera odollam oil is one of these possible non-edible feed stocks for future biodiesel production. This study evaluated the potential biodiesel production from cerbera odollam. The seed was collected and extracted from Aceh, Indonesia. Moreover, biodiesel has been produced using degummed (H3PO4) and two step acid catalyst (HCl) and alkaline catalyst (KOH). The results of properties of the cerbera odollam methyl esters show that such as viscosity was about 847.9 mm2/s, density was 3.1578 kg/m3, flash point was 214.0°C, acid value was 0.4 mg KOH/g, oxidation stability was 6.35 h, FAME content was 97.77 % w/w and heating value was 40.49 MJ/kg. After analysing these properties, it has been found that there is a huge chance to produce biodiesel from this seed which complies with the limits of ASTM 6751 and EN 14214 specifications and therefore it can boost the future production of biodiesel from non-edible sources.
Key words: Cerberaodollam / esterification / transesterification / biodiesel
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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