MATEC Web of Conferences
Volume 159, 2018The 2nd International Joint Conference on Advanced Engineering and Technology (IJCAET 2017) and International Symposium on Advanced Mechanical and Power Engineering (ISAMPE 2017)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||30 March 2018|
Methane enrichment on biogas generated from anaerobic digester using coconut shell-based activated carbon
Environmental Engineering Program, Department of Civil Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
This study evaluates methane enrichment on biogas generated from Anaerobic Digester (AD) through CO2 adsorption process so that biogas can be used as fuel for vehicle engines, power plants, and natural gas substitutes. The experiment was observed by passing biogas synthesis (45% CH4 + 55% CO2) and biogas from cattle manure ±59.7% CH4, ± 37.1% CO2 and ±3.2% other gases) in spontaneously pressurized adsorption column. In addition, observation of CO2 adsorption capacity at various pressure and fixed temperature (27°C) was performed using pure CO2 (±98%). Methane in biogas has been successfully purified to 92% at 0.5 L/min flowrate and 79.6 seconds retention time. The adsorbent will be saturated after gas flowing for 60 and 80 minutes for synthesis biogas and biogas from AD on the amount of adsorbent of 266 grams. A change of surface area of activated carbon (AC) after thermal regeneration at 160°C for 2 hours was 7.51% and regeneration efficiency was 67%. The adsorption process followed Freundlich isothermal. This process can be feasible alternative technology to meet the need for biogas with high levels of methane in small-scale AD.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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