MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 157, 2018Machine Modelling and Simulations 2017 (MMS 2017)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Modelling of structural materials, composites and nanomaterials|
|Published online||14 March 2018|
Material property determination of the lining layers of a versatile helmet
NTIS - New Technologies for the Information Society, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of West Bohemia, Technicka 8, 301 00 Pilsen, Czech Republic
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This paper deals with material property identification of a helmet lining consisting of an outer layer of an expanded polystyrene (EPS) and inner layer of an open-closed cell foam (OCCF). A combined numerical simulation and experimental testing was used for the material property identification. Compression and drop tests were performed. The ABAQUS finite element commercial code was used for numerical simulations in which the OOCF was modelled as a rate dependent viscoelastic material, while the EPS as a crushable foam. The reaction force time histories coming from the numerical simulation and the experiment have been used as a criterion for material parameter determination. After the identification of the material properties, numerical drop-tests were used to study the behaviour of a plate and a conical composite OOCF and EPS liners to decide which of them suits more for the helmet.
Key words: helmet liner / foam / expanded polystyrene / drop test / identification
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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