MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 157, 2018Machine Modelling and Simulations 2017 (MMS 2017)
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Modelling and simulation, structural optimization|
|Published online||14 March 2018|
Selection of optimal solution heat treatment of the casting cylinder heads
University of Žilina, Department of Materials Engineering, Univerzitná 8215/1, 010 26 Žilina, Slovak Republic
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The effect of solution treatment on mechanical properties (UTS, elongation, Brinell hardness) and microstructure (Si-morphology and Si-size) of an aluminium alloy (A356) used for casting cylinder heads was studied. The tests were carried out with specimens machined from the bulkheads of V8 engine blocks cast by the low pressure process. The samples were tested in as-cast and T6 heat treating conditions (solution heat treatment at 530°C with different time - 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 hours, quenching in water at 20°C and precipitation hardened for 4 hour at 160°C). The results show that used heat treatment improves mechanical properties of the cylinder head casts. Tensile strength and hardness of specimens increase with solution treatment time. The hardness is a reflection of solution strengthening and silicon particle distribution in matrix. Solution temperature 530°C and 5 hours solution time is appropriate to obtain better morphology and distribution of Si particles in microstructure. Prolonged solution treatment (more than 5 hours) leads to a coarsening of the Si particles, while the numerical Si density decreases. As the particle density decreases, a fewer number of sites are available for crack nucleation, and hence, the fracture properties are improved. The data obtained from this study will be used to improve process control, and to help the selection of heat treatment of the casting for future products.
Key words: Al-Si cast alloy / mechanical properties / solution treatment
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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