MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 156, 2018The 24th Regional Symposium on Chemical Engineering (RSCE 2017)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Materials and Processing|
|Published online||14 March 2018|
Natural Dye Extraction From Teak Leves (Tectona Grandis) Using Ultrasound Assisted Extraction Method for Dyeing on Cotton Fabric
Department of Chemical Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Sukolilo 60111 Surabaya Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Synthetic dye waste of textile industry has contaminated the water and aquatic living organism. One of the solution is used teak leaves as the natural dye. Common conventional extraction process is soxhletation which need more time and more solvent. One of extraction method that has been developed is ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE). The objectives of this research were to study the effect of solvent, extraction time, pH, and extraction yield. The conclusion of this research was optimum yield of teak leaves extract about 42,79% at pH 3 and extraction time of 20 minutes with aquadest as the solvent using UAE method. If natural dye of taek leaves was used on cotton, the color will change depend on fixator that was added. In GC-MS analysis, some compound that were detected are decanoic acid methyl ester and methyl tetradecanoate. Both of the compound have chromophore cluster.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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