MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 250, 2018The 12th International Civil Engineering Post Graduate Conference (SEPKA) – The 3rd International Symposium on Expertise of Engineering Design (ISEED) (SEPKA-ISEED 2018)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||11 December 2018|
Total suspended solids removal by high gradient magnetic separation using steel wool at different location
1, 2, 4, 5
Department of Water and Environmental Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
3 Department of Quantity Surveying and Real Estate, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Tunku Abdul Rahman Universiti College, Jalan Genting Kelang, 53300 Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Growing of mankind, society, science and technology in our world is reaching to higher level of human civilization. Therefore, a sustainable treatment procedures are required in order to prevent the consequences of growing civilized situation to the environment. Magnetism has been used as physical treatment for particles or contaminants removal from wastewater. In this experiment, comparison between locations of steel wool has been carried out in order to determine the highest suspended solid removal. Variables has been set such as magnetic strength was 1.4Tesla, flow rate was 1mL/s, 80 gram of steel wool and experiment took 24 hours of circulation time and data recorded for 24 hours. Data were recorded involving control, non-inverted magnet and inverted magnet structure. Non-inverted magnets consists of magnets on same poles while inverted magnet on different poles. As a result, steel wool located inside of pipe was exhibited the highest removal (88.2%) compared to outside of the pipe (83.3%) and both occurred in inverted magnet structure. Therefore, it was indicated that longer exposure time to magnet resulted in greater improvement in removing pollutant. The results obtained and suggests that steel wool located inside of tube with inverted magnet position can be successfully treat wastewater effectively.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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