MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 250, 2018The 12th International Civil Engineering Post Graduate Conference (SEPKA) – The 3rd International Symposium on Expertise of Engineering Design (ISEED) (SEPKA-ISEED 2018)
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Published online||11 December 2018|
Bio-desaturation and bio-sealing techniques for mitigation of soil liquefaction: a review
Faculty of Civil Engineering, UniversitiTeknologi Malaysia 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
2 Department of Civil Engineering, KUST, WudilP.M.B. 3244 Kano State, Nigeria
3 Department of Civil and Water Resources Engineering, Unimaid P.M.B. 1069 Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Biogeotechnology is a recent area of study that deals with the improvement of engineering properties of soils in an eco-friendly and sustainable approach through the use of microorganisms. This paper first, reviewed the concept of bio-mediated soil improvement technique, components involved and the roles they played. Two processes of bio-mediation soil improvement techniques i.e. microbial-induced calcite precipitation (MICP) for producing bio-cement via ureolysis and bio-desaturation for generating specifically biogenic nitrogen gas via denitrification, their mechanisms of occurring and factors influencing them were described in details. An overview study was done on soil liquefaction. Conventional methods employed for mitigations of liquefaction hazards were reviewed and their limitations were drawn. The use of the de-saturation process for mitigation of soil liquefaction was adequately addressed. Mitigation of liquefaction using biological processes, in particular, MICP and/or bio-desaturation were introduced. The findings from the previous works have shown that both the two techniques are capable of improving liquefaction resistance of soils. Most of the results have shown that presence of biogenic nitrogen gas in soils treated with denitrifying bacteria is able to induce partial desaturation in the soil which consequently increases the cyclic shear strength, reduces pore water pressure and changes the soil behaviour from compressive to dilatant. Finally, potentials, challenges, and recommendations for future studies were identified.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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