MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 250, 2018The 12th International Civil Engineering Post Graduate Conference (SEPKA) – The 3rd International Symposium on Expertise of Engineering Design (ISEED) (SEPKA-ISEED 2018)
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Published online||11 December 2018|
Review on biological process of soil improvement in the mitigation of liquefaction in sandy soil
Faculty of Civil Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
2 Department of Civil and Water Resources Engineering, Unimaid, P. M. B. 1069, Maiduguri. Borno State, Nigeria
3 Department of Civil Engineering, KUST Wudil, P. M. B. 3244, Kano State, Nigeria
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Recently, the concept of using biological process in soil improvement otherwise called bio-mediated soil improvement technique has shown greater prospects in the mitigation of liquefiable soils. It is an environmental friendly technique that has generated great interest to geotechnical engineers. This paper presents a review on the microorganism responsible for the biological processes in soil improvement system, factors that affect biological process, identifying the mechanism of liquefaction and commonly adopted method to mitigate liquefaction. Next, the effect of microbial induced calcite precipitation (MICP) on the strength and cyclic response were also analyzed, where it was identified that higher cementation level leads to formation of larger sized calcite crystals which in turn leads to the improved shear strength, stiffness and cyclic resistance ratio of the soil. However, the effects of various bacteria, cementation reagent concentrations amongst other factors were not fully explored in most of the studies. Finally, some of the challenges that lay ahead for the emerging technology are optimizing treatment factors (bacteria and cementation reagent concentration), upscaling process, training of researchers/technologist and long – time durability of the improved soils.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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