MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 246, 20182018 International Symposium on Water System Operations (ISWSO 2018)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Main Session: Water System Operations|
|Published online||07 December 2018|
Application of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy in Soil Element Analysis of Watershed
Key Laboratory of the Pearl River Estuarine Dynamics and Associated Process Regulation, Ministry of Water Resources, Pearl River Hydraulic Research Institute, Pearl River Water Resource Commission, Guangzhou 510611, China
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With the rapid development of spectroscopy technology, laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) has become the focus of elemental analysis technology in recent years. With its advantages of non-destructive testing, rapid and multi-element detection, LIBS has been successfully applied to the analysis of geochemical characteristics of soil elements in river basins. The application of LIBS technology in soil elemental analysis of watershed is reviewed in detail. The accuracy of LIBS technology in soil element analysis is studied with the Masha River Basin as the research area. On this basis, the key problems in the process of soil element analysis, such as spectral enhancement methods and quantitative analysis methods, were analyzed. The analysis results show that the accuracy of elemental analysis between LIBS and traditional chemical methods is not much different, but the analysis time of LIBS method is shorter. Methods such as MLR, PLSR, and internal standard methods can improve the fit of the calibration curve and reduce the quantitative analysis error. By changing parameters such as laser energy and delay time, the spectral intensity can be enhanced to reduce the effects of matrix effects. In the process of elemental analysis, the effects of soil physical and chemical parameters should be considered comprehensively, and appropriate quantitative analysis methods should be adopted to improve the accuracy of the analysis results.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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