MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 149, 20182nd International Congress on Materials & Structural Stability (CMSS-2017)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Session 1 : Materials & Pathologies|
|Published online||14 February 2018|
Electrochemical behaviours of Eu(III)/E(II) and Ce(IV)/Ce(III) in H3PO4-H2O media : solvation and complexation reactions
Laboratoire de Chimie Appliquée des Matériaux, Université Mohammed V, Faculté des Sciences, Rabat, Morocco
2 Laboratoire d’électrochimie et Chimie Analytique, Université Mohammed V, Faculté des Sciences, Rabat, Morocco
Many kinds of rare earth elements (REE) such as europium and cerium have been make them essential elements in many high-tech components. The electrochemical studies can be presented as an interesting indication for europium and cerium extraction from phosphoric solutions, including solvation and complexation reactions. The normal redox potentials of Eu3+/Eu2+ and Ce4+/Ce3+ systems have been determined in H3PO4-H2O media with various phosphoric acid concentration. The solvation of these elements in phosphoric media is characterized by their transfer activity coefficients "f" calculated from the corresponding normal redox potentials. The corresponding solvation increases with increasing the H3PO4 concentration. For each REE, the electrochemical properties depend on its number of charges and on its basic properties. Results suggest that solvation and complexation of REE phosphates are important in controlling REE concentration.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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